Catholics & the 2004 Presidential Election - Collected Readings & Resources

Tuesday, July 20, 2004

Bishop Vasa—A Shepherd for Our Time 

Posted by Earl at 4:42 PM

From the pages of Fidelis, as posted by my fellow pundit Barbara Kralis:
A faithful and courageous prelate, Bishop Robert Francis Vasa, M.Div., J.C.L.,1 Bishop of Baker, Oregon, kindly granted Catholic Online and this writer a recent interview. During the conversation, Bishop Vasa (pronounced Va'.sha) helped reinforce Church teachings regarding the scandal of the sacrilegious reception of Holy Communion by persons who obstinately persist in their manifest grave sin. In answer to the question, "If the pro-abortion 'Catholic' Senator John Kerry came up to you for communion, would you deny him?" Bishop Vasa quickly replied:

Absolutely. I would agree, certainly, with Archbishop [Raymond] Burke and Bishop [Fabyan] Bruskewitz in their own actions in this matter. I literally could not give Holy Communion to a professed and actively committed "pro-choice" politician.
It is well known that the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, recently wrote an instructive memorandum. It was addressed to Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, chairman of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) Task Force, and to Bishop Wilton Gregory, President of the USCCB. The Vatican memo was written in English expressly for the USCCB as a guideline of the Church's teachings to be used at their closed-door plenary conference in Denver, CO, June 14-19, 2004. Cardinal Ratzinger, in his memo "Worthiness to Receive Holy Communion—General Principles" said without ambiguity:

The minister of Holy Communion must refuse to distribute it [when warning and counsel given to the manifest sinner] have not had their effect.
Cardinal McCarrick, chair of the Task Force committee, apparently withheld the memorandum from the USCCB, and even perhaps from the Task Force committee.

Were all of the bishops informed of Cardinal Ratzinger's clear supportive directive citing why the bishops must deny manifest, obstinate, persistent persons in grave sin? Bishop Vasa replied that the June memorandum from Cardinal Ratzinger was not given to the Conference of Bishops in Denver.

As I recall, Cardinal McCarrick made reference to some letter, but I did not see a copy of the letter at the meeting. I don't know if the committee writing the statement entitled Catholics in Political Life was given a copy of the letter.
Bishop Vasa was not sure when the memorandum was delivered to Cardinal McCarrick and Bishop Gregory. It is well known that Cardinal McCarrick presented to the Conference his Interim Report, which instead warned against denying anyone the Eucharist.

"Our consultations with moral theologians and canonists warned us that such steps could raise serious questions about Catholic teaching and the application of canon law," Cardinal McCarrick said in a presentation delivered at the June 15 bishops' meeting and made public June 23.  "Vatican officials offered...principles and advised caution and pastoral prudence in the use of sanctions," the Cardinal advised the bishops, noting that his "Task Force does not advocate the denial of communion from Catholic politicians or Catholic voters." 2 He said that dialogue and teachings must be used instead "in the public square, in hearts and minds, in our pulpits and public advocacy, in our consciences and communities."3

Why would McCarrick give the USCCB information directly in opposition to what Cardinal Ratzinger's memorandum actually recommended? Upon further discussion with Bishop Vasa regarding the wording of the USCCB's Denver statement, this writer asked for a clarification. Do the U.S. bishops now teach that it is correct for one Bishop to deny Senator Kerry the Eucharist, while another Bishop, perhaps in a diocese just 10 miles away, mandates his "ministers of Holy Communion" to give him the Eucharist?

"I answer to the Holy See, I don't answer to the USCCB," replied Bishop Vasa.

The June memorandum of Cardinal Ratzinger should have a greater impact on the decision of individual bishops in their own dioceses than the statement of the USCCB, which seems to give broader latitude to the judgment of the bishops.
In response to further correspondence, Cardinal McCarrick received a July 9 letter from the Cardinal, saying:4

The statement is very much in harmony with the general principles of "Worthiness to Receive Holy Communion," sent as a fraternal service—to clarify the doctrine of the Church on this specific issue—in order to assist the American bishops in their related discussion and determinations.
The question was asked Bishop Vasa if it was his understanding that Cardinal Ratzinger agrees with the USCCB's statement that some "ministers of Holy Communion" should admit Senator Kerry to Holy Communion and that some should not admit him. This did not sound like being "very much in harmony" with Church teachings. Bishop Vasa replied:
When the Holy See issues a statement like Cardinal Ratzinger's memorandum, he was speaking of a broad range of politicians that individual bishops have to make prudential, pastoral judgments upon. I do not know that in the mind of Cardinal Ratzinger he was specifically targeting the presidential candidate. He was looking at the whole gamut of manifest sinners.

If the bishops and Cardinal Ratzinger were dealing exclusively with John Kerry, then probably the USCCB statement is not in harmony with Cardinal Ratzinger's memo. [emphasis added]

Denying Holy Communion to a pro-abortion Catholic politician may seem like effective action, I wish it were an effective method of achieving conversion and change of heart, but unless there is a change of heart that politician continues to act in a way which supports and cooperates with the evil of abortion.

Thus while denial of Holy Communion, and the preceding dialogue, is an action I would prefer, I must recognize that there are other, perhaps even more effective, ways of achieving a suitable protection of pre-born human life in our country. It seems to me that the most effective way to end abortion is to vote for pro-life candidates.
Bishop Vasa said his understanding was that the Task Force chaired by Cardinal McCarrick has not been dissolved but that there was still much work to be done.

It is my understanding that the Task Force has completed only its interim work and a fuller document is to be issued in November.
Catholic News Service, a USCCB division, reported  that the Task Force would continue to consult with the Holy See, the American bishops, other episcopal conferences, and others, as it develops its final report.5

Bishop Vasa is no stranger to controversy nor does he shy away from defending Church teachings. Earlier this year, he published an important pastoral letter, possibly the first of its kind in the U.S.

The Church requires the making of a Profession of Faith by various persons when they undertake specific duties related to Church administration and teaching, according to Canon Law c. 833.6 Sadly, this oath of fidelity is rarely implemented in U.S. dioceses.
Bishop Vasa understands clearly that lay people working within the Church must be of "outstanding moral character" and give their full assent to all the teachings of the Holy Catholic Church. Accordingly, on April 23, 2004, Bishop Vasa, published a 40-paragraph document entitled Giving Testimony to the Truth, which was addressed to the lay ministers of his diocese.
Following this pastoral, Bishop Vasa attached an oath of fidelity, which he titled Affirmation of Personal Faith. In the diocese of Baker, the useof the oath has been expanded to include those who assume the ecclesial duties of catechist, teacher, liturgical reader, cantor, extraordinary minister of Holy Communion, directors of youth activities,  and other Church positions, which entail a presumption of orthodoxy.

The Church teaches that anyone commissioned to lay apostolate in the Church should be fully accepting of all Catholic teachings.7 Bishop Vasa points out that it is ultimately the Bishop, as chief shepherd of a diocese, who commissions persons to exercise these works. It is also the Bishop's responsibility to establish clear qualifying or disqualifying criteria of who may serve. Bishop Vasa asked that everyone serving the Church in some official capacity, in all parishes, attest their acceptance of each of the Affirmation's parts.

You would be very angry at me if I permitted someone to teach your child who had been fired from a teaching job for inappropriate actions with children. Your anger would be justified.

You would likewise have cause to be angry with me if I permitted a person lacking all faith in the Eucharistic Presence to serve as an Extraordinary Minister of Holy Communion or to serve as a catechist for first Communion. A failure on my part to verify a person's suitability for ministry would be judged as seriously negligent. While I may want to presume a person's appropriateness for ministry such presumptions are not sufficient.
All of the statements, which Bishop Vasa has incorporated in the Affirmation of Personal Faith, are taken from the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Bishop Vasa explains:

They represent the authentic and authoritative teaching of the Catholic Church and acceptance of these tenets is expected of every Catholic. While it is sufficient for me to presume that Catholics who attend Mass and receive communion adhere to these teachings (unless the contrary is clearly evident) such a presumption is not sufficient for those whom I commission to teach and act in some official capacity.
Editor's Note: Endnotes may be accessed via the above links. An annotated edition of the above article, which has been slightly revised for Fidelis, can be found on Catholic Online. To convey your encouragement and support to  Bishop Vasa e-mail him at at:

Ongoing commentary by the editors of CatholicKerryWatch

Sen. John Kerry stands with Kate Michelman (right) President of NARAL Pro-Choice America.

Since 1995, Michelman's group has given Kerry a 100% rating for his voting record to defend abortion.


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Contributing Editors:

Oswald Sobrino of
Catholic Analysis

Earl E. Appleby of
Times Against Humanity

Jeff Miller of
The Curt Jester

Ad Limina Apostolorum

Christopher Blosser of
Against The Grain

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Related Documents & Articles

Worthiness To Recieve Communion: General Principles
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger

Doctrinal Note on some questions regarding The Participation of Catholics in Political Life
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

Evangelium Vitae
Pope John Paul II

Worthy to Receive the Lamb: Catholics in Political Life and the Reception of Holy Communion, from Archbishop Donoghue (Atlanta, GA), Bishop Baker (Charleston, SC) and Bishop Jugis (Charlotte, NC).
August 4, 2004

Catholics in Political Life U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. June 7, 2004.

Catholic Politicians and Bishops. By Most Rev. Raymond L. Burke, Archbishop of St. Louis. America June 21-28, 2004.

A Time For Honesty, Pastoral Statement by The Most Reverend John J. Myers, Archbishop of Newark. May 5, 2004.

Why Communion Could Be Denied to Anti-Life Legislators. Interview with Father Thomas Williams, dean of the School of Theology of the Regina Apostolorum Pontifical Athenaeum.

Why Don't Catholic Politicians Practice What the Catholic Church Preaches?, by Judie Brown. Washington Dispatch April 19, 2004.

How to tell a Duck from a Fox: Thinking with the Church as we look toward November, by Archbishop Chaput. Denver Catholic Register April 14, 2004.

On the Dignity of Human Life and Civic Responsibility, a Pastoral Letter by La Crosse Bishop Raymond L. Burke.

Blood On Their Hands: Exposing Pro-abortion Catholic Politicians, by Mark Stricherz. Crisis May 2003.

The Failure of Catholic Political Leadership, by Robert P. George & William E. Saunders. Crisis 18, No. 4 (April 2000).

Denying Holy Communion: A Case History, by Bishop Emeritus Rene Henry Gracida. [PDF Format].

Ten questions regarding the denial of the Eucharist, by Barbara Kralis.

Recommmended Reading

John Kerry, Abortion and the Catholic Church

Irreconcilable Differences", by Matthew Mehan. NRO Sept. 16, 2004.

John Courtney Murray and the 'Liberal Catholic' Justification of Abortion Investigative report by Christopher Blosser. August 30, 2004.

"Please answer the question, Senator Kerry", The Mighty Barrister. August 2, 2004.

You wouldn't even ask. Fr. Pavone (Priests for Life). July 2004.

Kerry isn't making abortion stand clear, by Raymond J. Keating. Newsday July 27, 2004.

Senator Kerry May Be Human . . . But is He a Person?, Catholic Kerry Watch. July 23, 2004.

Kerry's Catholic Problem, by Brent Bozell. July 7, 2004.

The Body Politic and the Body of Christ: Candidates, Communion and the Catholic Church. Debate btw/ Thomas J. Reese, S.J. and George Weigel. June 23, 2004.

The Kerry challenge, by George Weigel. May 5, 2004.

Rites and Wrongs: Why John Kerry should not take communion, by Philip F. Lawler. Wall Street Journal April 30, 2004.

John Kerry's Catholic Problem", by Cal Thomas. April 26, 2004.

Kerry Distorting Catholic Doctrine. interviews George Weigel. April 16, 2004.

"Personally Opposed, But…" Five Pro-Abortion Dodges, by Todd M. Aglialoro. Crisis April 1, 2004.

On Embryonic Stem-Cell Research

Reagan vs. Reagan and The Stem-Cell Cover-Up, Catholic Kerry Watch, August 14, 2004.

Senator Kerry dismisses religious convictions as "ideology"  Catholic Kerry Watch. August 9, 2004.

Ron Reagan & Functionalism, Revisited, Catholic Kerry Watch. July 29, 2004.

Out of Touch, by Michael Fumento. Refuting Kerry's claims on the use of embryonic stem cells. Citizen Magazine August 2004.

Stem Cell Defection, by Ramesh Ponnuru. National Review August 16, 2004.

Stem Cell Research: Fact Sheets, Letters to Congress and Articles from the USCCB.

On Voting, "Proportionality" and Cardinal Ratzinger's Memorandum

What Ratzinger Said, by James Akin. Sept. 9, 2004.

Bishops Refute Flawed Theology (of Andrew Greeley) Barbara Kralis. August 22, 2004.

Thoughts on Proportionality, Catholic Kerry Watch. July 12, 2004.

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